Endometriosis is estimated to affect more than 11% of women between the ages of 15-44. Some women experience few symptoms, while others have severe pain, but they’re all at risk for infertility. The highly skilled OB/GYN team at Bella Women’s Care has helped many women with treatment plans that are customized to their unique needs. If you have pelvic pain or painful menstrual periods, call one of the offices in Phoenix or Mesa, Arizona, or schedule an appointment online.
Endometriosis occurs when tissue that normally lines the inside of your uterus starts to grow outside the uterus. The endometrial tissue can attach to the outer uterine wall, fallopian tubes, and ovaries. Endometriosis can even develop on the bladder, bowel, and abdominal lining.
The uterine lining, called the endometrium, responds to hormones during your monthly cycles. These hormones prepare the endometrium to nurture an embryo. If you don’t become pregnant that month, the endometrium sheds, creating your menstrual period.
When endometrial tissue grows outside your uterus, it continues to change in response to hormones. When it’s time for your menstrual period, patches of endometriosis bleed, leading to inflammation and scarring.
You may not develop any symptoms, but if you do, you’ll experience pain. Some women also develop abnormal bleeding, but most primarily have:
The severity of your pain doesn’t always reflect the extent of your endometriosis. Some women with small patches of endometriosis develop excruciating pain, while others with large patches of endometriosis have mild pain. Your Bella Women's Care provider can assess the extent of your endometriosis and customize a treatment plan based on your evaluation.
Nearly 40% of women with infertility have endometriosis. Women who don’t have significant symptoms due to their endometriosis often learn about the problem when they can’t get pregnant and have an infertility evaluation.
Infertility may develop as inflammation and scarring affect fallopian tube and ovarian function. Inflammation from endometriosis may also damage the sperm or egg.
The practitioners at Bella Women’s Care provide customized treatment for each woman based on the severity of her symptoms and future pregnancy plans. Treatment options include nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) to relieve pain and hormonal medications to reduce or stop menstrual periods, which helps reduce symptoms due to endometriosis.
If your pain is too uncomfortable or you want to improve your fertility, your provider may recommend a surgical procedure to remove the areas of endometriosis.
If you experience pelvic pain, pain during your periods, or painful intercourse, call Bella Women’s Care or use the online booking feature to schedule an appointment.